Munemitsu-Sasaki family collection
Scope and Contents
The collection consists of papers, photographs, ephemera, and realia from the Munemitsu and Sasaki families, some of the earliest Japanese families to live in Orange County, California. Included in this collection, are documents, photographs, and objects regarding the lives of the families at the turn-of-the-century in the agricultural industry; the incarceration of Munemitsu and Sasaki family members in internment camps in New Mexico, Poston in Arizona and Welby, Colorado; and other material pertaining to their life beyond the war. Notable items include late 1800s and early 1900s photographs of the families, official government and personal documents regarding their incarceration, handcrafted wooden furniture and objects (made at Poston and brought back to California) a period radio (brought to Poston and also brought back home), and handmade Japanese-style kites.
- late 1800s-2011
- Majority of material found within 1920s-1940s
Language of Materials
The materials in this collection are in English and Japanese.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all permissions.
Munemitsu family biographical note
Patriarch Seima Munemitsu immigrated from Japan to the United States in the early 1900s and became a farmer, primarily of vegetables, in Orange County, California. During World War II, Seima’s wife Masako and their four children, all US-born citizens, were forced to relocate to Japanese American incarceration camp in Poston, Arizona. Seima was unjustly arrested by the FBI, accused of being a spy for Japan, and sent to a high-security Department of Justice camp at Lordsburg, New Mexico. The family included Seima, matriarch Masako, oldest son Seiko, his brother Saylo, and the youngest children, twin daughters Kazuko and Akiko. During this time, Seiko Munemitsu leased their land to the Mendez family, lead plaintiffs in the federal court case Mendez, et al v. Westminster School District of Orange County, et al, court case from 1945 to 1947, which led to the desegregation of California public and later influenced federal desegregation policies. After the war, the Munemitsu family returned to their farm in Westminster, allowing the Mendez family to finish the terms of their lease, while the Munemitsus lived in the laborer cottages. They even offered temporary housing on their land to fellow, formerly incarcerated Japanese, giving them a chance to start over after the camps.
Sasaki family biographical note
The Sasaki family immigrated from Japan to the United States in the late 1800s, and became farmers of vegatables, primarily sugar beets, in Orange County, Southern California. During World War II, they were forced to move to a Japanese American incarceration camp in Poston, Arizona, the same camp the Munemitsu family were sent to. During this time, some of the older children were able to gain Indefinite Leave to leave the camps temporarily and work in the Cleveland, Ohio area. Sadly, matriarch Moto Sasaki passed away during the incarceration. After the war, the family returned to their California farm in Santa Ana. US-born daugher Yone Sasaki married Seiko Munemitsu, who was from another early Japanese American farming family from Orange County.
10 Linear Feet (10 containers total (4 document boxes, 1 oversize flat box, and 5 record storage cartons))
A collection of photographs, documents, and keepsakes on the Munemitsu and Sasaki families, chronicling their experiences as Japanese Americans in Southern California and as internees in Southwestern incarceration camps. These papers also notably document the Munemitsu family's minor involvement relating to the Mendez v. Westminster court case which desegregated Mexican-only schools in Orange County.
Arranged by family, then primarily in chronological order. More information in physical arrangement is found in the Series notes.
Other Finding Aids
Collection 2009-041-r: Seiko Munemitsu and Gonzalo Mendez lease agreements
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gifts of Janice Munemitsu (daughter of Seiko Munemitsu and Yone Sasaki), Akiko Nakauchi (daughter of Seima and Masako Munemitsu), and her husband David Nakauchi, starting from April 2010 to July 2013.
Websites: Ancestry. Accessed May 2019. https://www.ancestry.com/.
Densho Encyclopedia. Accessed May 2019. http://encyclopedia.densho.org/.
FamilySearch.org. Accessed May 2019. https://www.familysearch.org/.
“History Colorado”. Homepage. Accessed May 2019. https://www.historycolorado.org/.
"Interning Japanese-Americans - World War II (U.S. National ..." Accessed May 2019. https://home.nps.gov/subjects/worldwarii/internment.htm.
"People." New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Accessed May 2019. http://www.newmexicohistory.org/people/japanese-american-internment-camps-in-new-mexico-1942-1946.
Processed by Rand Boyd in July 2010, and reprocessed by Annie Tang in July 2019. Expanded historical notes researched and written by intern Kathy Morgan in June 2019. Last updated in August 2023.
The term "incarceration camps" has purposely been used in replacement of or interchangeably with "internment camps" in information (such as historical notes and abstracts) created by the archives staff, adhering to the preference of Japanese American communities whom these materials represent. Historically, "internment" was the official term used for the forcible incarceration of Japanese Americans based on their ethnicity. The term was used in the original titles of records, papers, and objects, and the description of these titles are left as such to acknowledge historical usage.
- Finding aid for the Munemitsu-Sasaki family collection
- Rand Boyd, Annie Tang, Kathy Morgan
- 2010 July 7; Last updated 2023 August 28
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note