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Harold E. Summers Second World War correspondence, clippings, and other materials

 Collection — Box: WWII 24, Folder: 1-5, Folder: 1-5
Identifier: 2018-164-w-r

Content Description

This collection contains correspondence to, from, and about SM 2/c Harold E. Summers, USN at the beginning of the Second World War, before and after he was killed aboard the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Also included is a scrapbook of clippings pertaining to Pearl Harbor, one framed picture of SM 2/c Summers, and other materials contained within the scrapbook.


  • 1938 January 7 - 1966

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all permissions.

Biographical / Historical

Signalman Second Class Harold Edgar Summers, United States Navy (1919 - 12/7/1941) was born in Akron, Ohio to Orlie Edgar Summers and Nellie May (Malin) Summers. He enlisted in the Navy on February 2, 1938. He served aboard the USS Arizona and was three months shy of completing his service in the Navy when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. His body was never recovered among the wreckage of the USS Arizona and in February 1942 the family received a notice stating that it would be impossible to find him and that the Navy was declaring him killed in action on December 7, 1941. After pronounced dead, his brother Sergeant Robert M. Summers, United States Marine Corpse joined the Marines rather than wait to be drafted and fought in the Pacific; including Saipan where he was injured and Iwo Jima where he earned the Bronze Star Medal. Aunt Carrie expresses in one of her letters to Lucile that she thinks his enlistment would be better than waiting to be drafted.

SM2/c Summers' correspondence between he and his sister, Nina Lucile Mumaugh, who went by Lucile, were also directed toward her husband, Staff Sergeant Robert Darst Mumaugh, United States Army who was drafted in 1943 and served in the European Theater. A collection of his memorabilia is housed in the archives (2018-165-w-r).


0.3 Linear feet (5 folders)

Language of Materials



This collection contains correspondence, clippings, photographs and other materials relating to the death of SM2/c Harold E. Summers, USN on the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor.


This collection is arranged by material type, author and chronology:

  • Series 1, Correspondence from Harold
  • Series 2, Correspondence from Lucile
  • Series 3, Other correspondence
  • Series 4, Clippings and other materials
  • Series 5, Photograph of Harold
  • Series 6, Sheet music

Immediate Source of Acquisition

This collection is a gift of Joyce Galbreath.

Finding Aid for the Harold E. Summers Second World War correspondence, clippings, and other materials
Andrew Harman
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Center for American War Letters Archives Repository

Leatherby Libraries
Chapman University
Orange CA 92866 United States