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The Guilty scrapbook

Identifier: 2020-007-h-r

Scope and Contents

Hanni Vogelweid, a Holocaust survivor, created this scrapbook. The pages are filled with caricatures featuring Nazi leaders in a series entitled, The Guilty, including Adolf Hitler, Wilhelm Frick, Hans Frank, Kurt Daleuge, and Julius Streicher. Sam Berman contributed the political cartoons in watercolor as a series published in Collier's magazine from 1945 to 1946. When creating this scrapbook, Vogelweid wrote in pencil the date and how each Nazi leader was persecuted, including being hung and executed. The album is arranged in the original order.


  • 1945 - 1946

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain all permissions.


0.88 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



The scrapbook is comprised of clippings from the Collier's magazine. The clippings include caricatures by Sam Berman, featuring Nazi leaders entitled The Guilty.


The scrapbook creator Hanni Sondheimer Vogelweid was born in Berlin, Germany, on October 5, 1923, to Mortiz and Setty Sondheimer. The family later moved to Kaunas, Lithuania. At the start of the Second World War, the Jewish family began to look for a way out of Lithuania, as anti-semitism was rising across Eastern Europe. The family was issued a visa to Japan by Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese vice-consulate in Lithuania.

The family received their transit visa and left Lithuania in February of 1941. They traveled to Yokohama, Japan, where they stayed for six months waiting for their paperwork for their American visas. As their transit visas expired, they were forced to leave Japan for Shanghai, which did not require permits. The Sondheimer family were now considered stateless. They rented a room in Shanghai with the money they had left and stayed until 1943. They were then forced to move into the Hongjew ghetto, for stateless refugees, where Japan forced 20,000 Jewish refugees and others during the war. As the war continued, the family need money, Hanni and her younger brother worked in a Chinese weaving factory.

After the war, the family emigrated to the United States in 1946, after marrying Alfred Marison Gade, a First Lieutenant in the United States Army. They had one daughter, but the marriage ended soon after. She later married Lloyd Vogelweid.

Condition Description

Finding Aid for the Guilty scrapbook
Tiana Taliep
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Oskar Schindler Archives Repository