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Leopold and Mila Page collection

Identifier: 2022-001-h-r

Scope and Contents

Leopold and Mila Page, both Schindler survivors, created this collection to catalog the successes of Oskar Schindler's legacy. The collection comprises four series, Newspaper Clippings, Publications, VHS, and oversize, spanning from the 1980s to the 2000s. The material within document two significant achievements of Schindler's saving the lives of 1,200 Jewish prisoners during the Holocaust, including Thomas Kennelly's book Schindler's Ark, published in 1982, and the 1993 Steven Spielberg's film Schindler's List.

The Newspaper Clipping series date from 1980 to 1998, the articles within are from various newspapers nationwide. The Publication series contain magazines and newsletters from 1993 to 1994, including a newsletter from New Cracow Friendship Society Inc. The VHS tapes document previously recorded new segments and television shows from 1984 to 1998. This series holds interviews with Leopold Page, Thomas Kennelly, and Steven Speilberg.


  • Majority of material found within 1990 - 2000

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

There are no restrictions on the use of this material except where previously copyrighted material is concerned. It is the responsibility of th researcher to obtain all permissions.

Biographical / Historical

Leopold Page (Poldek Pfefferberg) was born on March 20, 1913. He earned a master's degree from Krakow University and became a high school physical education teacher. After the Germans invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Jewish schools were closed, and Leopold fought as a Lieutenant in the Polish Army. He was injured and arrested but managed to escape from the prisoner-of-war transport.

He returned to his mother's house in the Krakow Ghetto. In late 1939, he met the German industrialist Oskar Schindler, who offered a position to Page's mother to redecorate his house. She agreed to do it, and Leopold Page also helped obtain black market goods for Schindler. In 1940, he married Ludmila Lewison in the Krakow Ghetto. Through Page's collection with Schindler, he and Mila worked in Schindler's enamelware factory near the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp. Leopold and his wife were moved with Schindler's factory near the Brünnlitz labor camp, and on May 9, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated Brünnlitz.

After World War II, Leopold and Ludmila lived in Hungary and Germany. In 1948, the couple emigrated to the United States, and he took on the name Leopold Page. He and his wife moved to Los Angeles in 1950 and opened a leather goods business in Beverly Hills. In 1952, the couple joined others to found The "1939" Club, an organization of Holocaust survivors. In the 1980s, he inspired the Australian writer Thomas Keneally to book Schindler's Ark, the basis for Steven Spielberg's 1993 film Schindler's List. Leopold Page passed away on March 9, 2001, at 87.

Ludmila (Mila) Lewison Page was born on July 15, 1920. She and her family moved to Lodz, Poland, at a very young age. Her parents both practiced medicine in Poland. Ludmila's father died when she was only 14 years old, and her mother raised her. While studying in Vienna at the age of 17, the Germans occupied the territory and transferred back to Poland.

In November of 1939, Ludmila, her mother, 3,000 Poles, and 1,700 Jews were taken to Krakow. A young man, Poldek Pfefferberg (Page), and his mother offered them a room in their apartment. Later, in June 1940, Mila and Poldek married. In March 1941, they were all ordered into the Krakow Ghetto. However, Ludmila's mother was sent to work as a doctor in Warsaw, and she never saw her mother again.

In March 1943, Ludmila and the rest of the people in the ghetto were sent to the Płaszów concentration camp. Ludmila and Poldek worked in Oskar Schindler's factory. In November 1944, Oskar Schindler moved his factory and workers to Brunnlitz. Three hundred women, including Ludmila, were detained in Birkenau-Auschwitz concentration camp for three weeks on the way to Schindler's new factory. On May 8, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated the Schindler factory and Brunnlitz concentration camp.

In 1947, Ludmila and Poldek immigrated to the United States, first living in New York, before settling in Los Angeles. They had two children, Fred and Marie. Mila worked in the family leather goods business in Beverly Hills. In 1952, the couple joined with 12 others to found The "1939" Club, an organization of Holocaust survivors. She passed away on December 2, 2020, at the age of 100.


2.18 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Leopold and Mila Page collection has been created to document the successes of Oskar Schindler's legacy, including Thomas Kennelly's book Schindler's Ark and Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List. The collection contains newspaper clippings, magazines, and VHS tapes. Of particular mention are the VHS tapes with interviews of Leopold Page.

Finding Aid for the Leopold and Mila Page collection
Tiana M. Taliep
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Oskar Schindler Archives Repository